Authoritarian parenting may be effective in some ways, such as promoting obedience and discipline in children. However, this parenting style may also have negative effects on children’s emotional and social development. Children raised by authoritarian parents may experience lower self-esteem, poorer social skills, and more anxiety and depression than children raised by parents who use more positive and responsive parenting approaches.
Most research has found that the strictest form of authoritarian parenting is associated with more negative effects in children, like showing poor social skills, lower levels of self-esteem and higher levels of depression. If harsh punishment such as yelling is used, it’s also more likely to lead to behavioral problems in children and adolescents. They may grow up normalizing more violence-based behaviors.